The Second Coming
Ethereum 2.0 is launching in December. Is bitcoin’s little sibling about to take charge?
One of the things that first attracted me to Ethereum – back in the almost inconceivably primitive year of 2016 – was how certain the project was about what it wanted to achieve. At a time when bitcoin was suffering from a protracted identity crisis, Ethereum had a roadmap, a dedicated team and a charismatic (and very much not anonymous) founder, the 22-year-old polymath and cryptographic prodigy, Vitalik Buterin.
While to bitcoin maximalists these were unforgivable sins of centralisation, I was captured by the ambition of it all. The Ethereum team weren’t just building a data storage mechanism or a new currency: they were building the framework for a bona fide global computer. The steps forward were clear: Homestead; Metropolis; and then, by 2018, the system’s final form, Serenity AKA Ethereum 2.0.
Obviously 2018 came and went and crypto as a whole went through its own identity crisis. Ethereum came in for special attention – what was it actually for, aside from facilitating the stupidity of the ICO craze? With every unmet deadline that flew by, it became easier and easier to believe that Ethereum might never make it in the real world.
Well, the delays are finally over, because on December 1, the first phase of Serenity is ready to go live. Here’s why it’s a big moment for crypto as a whole.
Ethereum two point whoa
Serenity refers to a broad assortment of improvements to the privacy, speed and security of the Ethereum network, most of which are technical to the point of being almost entirely incomprehensible. (If you can explain how “sharding” works in layman’s terms, I’ll give you a cookie.) Short answer: it make Ethereum heap better.
But the banner headline – and the reason why people are so excited about the upgrade – is the transition from an energy-intensive proof-of-work consensus mechanism (a la bitcoin) to proof-of-stake. Basically, if you own at least 32 ether, you can use it as collateral in the race to validate new transactions on the Ethereum network. The more you stake, the better your chances of validating a block and receiving more ether as a reward.
What’s at stake
To be sure, this is only a first and experimental step. The actual Ethereum network is unlikely to move over to the Serenity chain until later next year. But people are already sending their hard-earned ether to the staking contract address; Ethereum 2.0 is, in a word, happening.
And while these days there are plenty of supposed Ethereum-killers out there – smart contract enabled, proof-of-stake blockchains operating at hundreds of times the speed – Ethereum’s network advantages are, to put it plainly, intimidating.
- The ERC-20 protocol powers literally hundreds of altcoins, including CoinJar favourites like OMG, USDC, ZRX, BAT, LINK and MKR.
- Ethereum itself is the native language of the DeFi revolution. If you’re using DeFi, you’re using Ethereum.
- Ethereum smart contracts are already being relied on in hundreds of real world situations, taking in everything from secure voting to central bank digital currencies to supply chain optimisation, identity verification, asset digitisation, data storage and a whole lot more besides.
More than anything else, though, Ethereum is simply more reliable, better tested and more secure than any of its competitors. As crypto goes mainstream, that’s gonna count for a lot. And now there’s an incentive to both buy and hold ETH for the long-term. I’d think twice before betting against it.
Hits from the bull
Bits and pieces from the burgeoning bull market:
- Payments app/crypto merchant Square announced that customers of its Cash App purchased more than US$1.6 billion of bitcoin in Q3. This is twice the amount of bitcoin mined in Q3.
- PayPal has revealed that demand for its new crypto services is already running at 2-3 times what they had expected. They’re expecting to roll their new digital wallets out worldwide in the first half of next year.
- Demand for Grayscale Bitcoin Trust now outstrips the demand for every gold ETF put together, according to a new report from JP Morgan.
Legendary money manager Stanley Druckenmiller has become the latest billionaire investor to say he owns bitcoin. Let the stampede commence.
Luke from CoinJar
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